discourage


discourage
discourage vb
1 Discourage, dishearten, dispirit, deject mean to weaken in qualities that maintain interest, zeal, activity, or power to continue or to resist.
Discourage implies not only the loss of courage and confidence but the entrance of fear and the marked diminution of all power to summon up one's forces
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the long winter and the lack of fuel discouraged the settlers

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his failure had completely discouraged his wife

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Dishearten differs little from discourage, but it stresses not so much a mood or a state of mind as a loss of heart or will to accomplish a purpose or to achieve an end
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the slight response to their appeal disheartened the promoters of the fund

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his answers were at the same time so vague and equivocal, that her mother, though often disheartened, had never yet despaired of succeeding at last— Austen

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Dispirit distinctively implies the loss of cheerfulness or hopefulness; it often suggests a prevailing gloom that casts a blight upon a gathering, a project, or whatever depends for its success upon the spirits of those who enter into it. It may also, more strongly than discourage, suggest the way an individual or group affects others
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in quelling a local Armenian revolt he was badly wounded. Sick and dispirited, he gave up his Arabian plan— Buchan

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dispirited by their futile efforts— Grandgent

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the shabby, dispiriting spectacle of Versailles, with its base greeds and timidities— Montague

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Deject, even more strongly than dispirit, implies a casting down, with resulting loss of cheerfulness or hopefulness, but, unlike dispirit, it refers usually to the individual alone
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she has been much dejected lately

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nothing dejects a trader like the interruption of his profits— Johnson

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Analogous words: *depress, weigh: try, *afflict: vex, bother, irk (see ANNOY)
Antonyms: encourage
Contrasted words: inspirit, hearten, embolden, nerve, steel (see ENCOURAGE)
2 deter, *dissuade, divert
Analogous words: *restrain, inhibit: *prevent (sense 2): *frighten, scare

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • discourage — [v1] dishearten, dispirit abash, afflict, alarm, appall, awe, beat down, bother, break one’s heart*, bully, cast down, chill, confuse, cow, dampen, dash, daunt, deject, demoralize, deprecate, depress, dismay, disparage, distress, droop, frighten …   New thesaurus

  • discourage — ► VERB 1) cause a loss of confidence or enthusiasm in. 2) prevent or try to prevent by showing disapproval or creating difficulties. 3) (discourage from) persuade (someone) against (an action). DERIVATIVES discouragement noun discouraging… …   English terms dictionary

  • Discourage — Dis*cour age, n. Lack of courage; cowardliness. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Discourage — Dis*cour age (?; 48), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Discouraged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Discouraging}.] [Pref. dis + courage: cf. OF. descoragier, F. d[ e]courager: pref. des (L. dis ) + corage, F. courage. See {Courage}.] 1. To extinguish the courage of; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • discourage — I verb advise against, affright, animum frangere, argue against, avert, cast down, cause discontent, cause dislike, cause doubt, caution, contraindicate, convince to the contrary, dampen, daunt, deflect, dehort, deject, demoralize, deprecate,… …   Law dictionary

  • discourage — mid 15c., discoragen, from M.Fr. descourager, from O.Fr. descoragier, from des away (see DIS (Cf. dis )) + corage (see COURAGE (Cf. courage)). Related: Discouraged; discouragement; discouraging …   Etymology dictionary

  • discourage — [di skʉr′ij] vt. discouraged, discouraging [ME discoragen < OFr descoragier: see DIS & COURAGE] 1. to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence; dishearten 2. to advise or persuade (a person) to refrain 3. to prevent or try to prevent by… …   English World dictionary

  • discourage — 01. Her parents tried to [discourage] her from marrying him, but she just ignored them. 02. He became totally [discouraged] after he failed his course a second time. 03. High interest rates are a serious [discouragement] to buying a house these… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • discourage — dis|cour|age [dısˈkʌrıdʒ US ˈkə:r ] v [T] 1.) to persuade someone not to do something, especially by making it seem difficult or bad ≠ ↑encourage ▪ attempts to discourage illegal immigration discourage sb from doing sth ▪ My father is a lawyer,… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • discourage */ — UK [dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ] / US verb [transitive] Word forms discourage : present tense I/you/we/they discourage he/she/it discourages present participle discouraging past tense discouraged past participle discouraged 1) to try to prevent something from… …   English dictionary


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